As the name suggests, bacterial vaginosis is the result of an overabundance of the bacteria naturally found within the vagina, upsetting the proper balance, and causing an uncomfortable inflammation. Typically the ‘good’ bacteria outnumber the anaerobic or ‘bad’ bacteria, germs that can survive without the presence of oxygen. If these anaerobic bacteria become too numerous, they can cause inflammation and infection

This is most common in women during their reproductive years, but it can affect women of any age. While the causes are not explicitly understood, certain activities are known to increase your risk, such as:


What are the Symptoms and Effects of Bacterial Vaginosis?

Though many women with this condition show no signs, particularly notable symptoms of bacterial vaginosis might include:

While these symptoms are often not serious, and easily treated, if left untreated they might cause complications later on, such as:


How Can Bacterial Vaginosis Be Treated?

Like with many infections and uncomfortable conditions, the first step in treatment is understanding proper prevention. Though the causes of bacterial vaginosis are elusive, and thus hard to prepare for, you can still help prevent development of the condition by avoiding douching, minimising your risk of STIs, and minimising irritation to the vagina due to harsh chemicals or scented hygiene products.

If you believe you have bacterial vaginosis, consult your healthcare professional. Though embarrassing, or unpleasant, it is much better to speak up about bodily issues that are causing you discomfort, so they can be accurately diagnosed and the problem treated before it becomes more serious. If you suspect bacterial vaginosis, your doctor may:

If the presence of bacterial vaginosis is confirmed, your doctor might prescribe you any of the following medicines, depending on the severity of the infection, or a desired solution:

Take your medication for as long as your healthcare professional prescribes it, even if your symptoms seem to go away. Stopping treatment early may increase the risk of recurrence, and your vaginal flora may not yet be returned to normal. It is common for vaginosis to recur regardless, within three to twelve months of treatment, and effective treatments to stop this recurrence are still being researched. If your symptoms return soon after treatment, talk with your healthcare professional about your options.

While it is generally not necessary to treat a male partner if you are infected, bacterial vaginosis can easily transfer to a female partner—they should seek testing around the same time as you. It is especially important for pregnant women with symptoms of bacterial vaginosis to seek treatment to avoid premature births, or low birth weights.


If you are experiencing the symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis, make an appointment with Dr.Nicole Stamatopoulos here.